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Crew Selection – Number of members, roles, and responsibilities.
We will choose a crew of 6 members with the following roles and functions:
- Mission Commander: The leader of the crew, responsible for safety, mission objectives, and final decision-making.
- Pilot: Assists the commander in flight tasks and assumes control when necessary.
- Mission Specialist: Conducts scientific experiments, operates spacecraft systems, and performs spacewalks.
- Flight Engineers: Maintain and operate spacecraft and space station systems.
- Scientists: Conduct specific research and scientific experiments for the mission.
- Communication Specialists: Manage communications between the crew and mission control on Earth.
- Medical Specialist: Monitors and provides medical care for the crew during the mission.
Each crew member has important responsibilities essential for the well-functioning of the mission. These responsibilities include:
- Conducting scientific experiments and collecting data.
- Maintaining and operating spacecraft and space station systems.
- Performing extravehicular activities (spacewalks) when necessary.
- Monitoring and maintaining crew physical and mental health.
- Communicating with mission control on Earth and reporting mission status.
- Strictly following safety procedures and established protocols.
Criteria for Crew Selection:
We will select the crew based on a combination of their abilities, experiences, and qualifications. It is important that the crew members have a good relationship and can work well together as a team. We will also consider their personal values, respect for others, and their ability to handle the mental and physical challenges of the mission. Additionally, each crew member must be capable of responding effectively to emergency situations and be committed to attending the daily training sessions.
An extremely difficult technical and logistical challenge, getting from Earth to Mars requires careful planning and taking many factors into account. A possible crewed mission to Mars has the following preliminary orbit:
Launch from the Ground
The spacecraft carrying the astronauts and all the necessary gear for the flight is launched from Earth to start the mission. A launch is a significant event that calls for a powerful and dependable rocket to deliver large payloads into Earth orbit. After a successful launch, the spacecraft is placed in low Earth orbit (LEO) to accommodate the interstellar transit stage. Astronauts adapt to the space environment and carry out spacecraft maintenance tasks during this phase.
Phase of Interplanetary Transition
While in low Earth orbit, the spacecraft will use a combination of chemical propulsion and/or advanced propulsion systems (such as nuclear or electric power) to escape Earth’s gravity and establish a forward orbit towards Mars. The weightlessness and physical strain of extended space travel can be difficult for astronauts to handle during this phase, which can last for several months.
Mars Orbit Entry
A carefully calculated mission to enter Mars orbit is carried out as the spacecraft approaches Mars. It must slow down using the spacecraft’s engines so that Mars’ gravity can capture it and keep it in a stable orbit around the planet.
After a number of orbits around the planet, the spacecraft releases a rover that carries the astronauts safely to the Martian surface. The module will have a landing system and a heat shield to shield astronauts from the Martian atmosphere.
Each phase of the journey to Mars presents unique challenges and requires careful planning and execution to ensure the safety and success of the mission. From launch to landing, every step must be carefully coordinated to achieve the goal of reaching and exploring the Red Planet.
Recyclofusion Propulsion is an innovative system designed for missions that harnesses the recycling of materials to generate propulsion energy. This process is based on nuclear fusion and uses recycled materials to create a closed fuel cycle.
Recycling of Space Waste
Materials such as spacecraft debris, solar panels, metal structures, and other waste products are gathered and treated. These materials go through a thorough sorting and separation process to purge impurities and make the resources ready for future usage.
Nuclear Fusion Reaction
The acquired components are mixed in a controlled nuclear fusion reaction within a fusion chamber. This reaction releases a considerable quantity of energy in the form of heat and charged particles, which are routed through an exhaust system.
The energy created during the nuclear fusion reaction is transformed into kinetic energy using appropriate equipment, such as a propulsion nozzle. The spaceship moves forward thanks to this kinetic energy, producing the push required for interplanetary travel.
As the spaceship operates, the byproducts and residues of the nuclear fusion reaction are gathered and recycled back into the process, establishing a closed fuel cycle. Unused components are recycled for subsequent reactions, creating a continuous recycling loop that reduces waste and improves system efficiency.
In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) on Mars
To carry out this task, it is essential to generate in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) of available resources on Mars, such as carbon dioxide and water.
Carbon Dioxide Extraction
Technologies such as chemical absorption could be used to extract carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere.
Water ice deposits exist at the poles and underneath the surface of Mars. Drilling and extraction methods can be used to collect water ice, which would then be heated to produce liquid water.
Using power produced by renewable resources like solar panels, the collected water would go through an electrolysis process to separate it into hydrogen and oxygen. Adequate separation and storage technologies would be needed to collect and purify the gases produced by this process.
Planning and Exploration for Fuel Production
Planning, exploration, and resource management procedures would be necessary to ensure that astronauts can obtain enough fuel for their return from the Martian surface. Some crucial steps include:
Pre-mission assessment: Robotic missions and probes would be used to examine the availability, location, and quantity of resources needed for in-situ fuel production, such as water and carbon dioxide.
Choosing a suitable landing site: Based on the evaluation results, a landing site with easy access to the necessary resources would be selected. Regions with water deposits and an adequate atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration would be preferred.